Very few issues can bring together lawmakers of both parties. Animal cruelty is one of them.
That’s why a bipartisan pair of congressional lawmakers from Florida is trying to close a gaping loophole in federal law: If you record yourself abusing an animal, you can face federal charges for documenting it, but not for the act of cruelty itself.
The lawmakers, Representative Vern Buchanan, a Republican, and Representative Ted Deutch, a Democrat, introduced a bill this month that would impose a federal ban on animal abuse.
The bill, known as the Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture Act, was introduced last week. It would build on a 2010 law that criminalized making or distributing videos depicting the killing or torture of animals.
While the 2010 law targeted the documentation of such acts, the new bill targets the acts themselves. Anyone convicted of intentionally crushing, burning, drowning, suffocating, impaling or otherwise seriously harming an animal would face federal felony charges, fines and up to seven years in prison.
The bill includes exceptions for, among other things, hunting, killing animals for food, scientific research, euthanizing animals, husbandry and veterinary care.
The roots of the bill stretch back more than two decades.
In the late 1990s, the Humane Society of the United States began investigating “crush videos,” in which animals are tortured or killed, often under a woman’s foot, in the service of a sexual fetish. (In some videos, objects or insects are used.)
After buying one such video from a man in Ventura County, Calif., the Humane Society notified the police. The authorities investigated but discovered that existing laws were ill-equipped to deal with the problem, which was spreading thanks to the internet.
Frustrated, the county district attorney approached former Representative Elton Gallegly, a California Republican who introduced a bill banning the production or sale of such videos. It sailed through the House and the Senate and was signed into law in late 1999.
In 2010, however, the Supreme Court ruled that law unconstitutional on First Amendment grounds. (A number of news organizations, including The New York Times, had urged the court to rule that way, arguing in a brief that while the law had a “worthy” goal, it was too broadly written.)
So Mr. Gallegly introduced a replacement version of the bill, the Animal Crush Video Prohibition Act, which became the law on which this month’s legislation aims to build.
Animal cruelty laws in all 50 states include felony provisions, so it might seem redundant to pass a federal law that does the same. But animal advocates say it is critical for several reasons.
First, abused animals are sometimes taken across state lines, complicating the prosecution of such cases, said Sara Amundson, the president of the Humane Society Legislative Fund, the legislative and political arm of the Humane Society.
Then there is the issue of resources.
“It’s oftentimes the scenario where states don’t have the resources or they don’t have the knowledge in a situation to be able to carry these animal cruelty cases to prosecution,” she said.
Finally, animal abuse can precede other serious crimes, a fact that law enforcement officials have long noted.
“Our research has shown if somebody is harming an animal, there is a good chance they also are hurting or will hurt a human,” John Thompson, the executive director of the National Sheriffs’ Association, said last year. “If we can see patterns of animal abuse, the odds are that something else is going on.”
There’s no knowing how the 535 members of Congress will vote on an issue, but the odds seem good if the past is any indication.
During the last Congress, a version of the Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture Act was passed by unanimous consent in the Senate, and a version of the bill in the House had 283 sponsors.
According to the Humane Society, which supports the effort, the only reason the bill is not already law is that the former chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, former Representative Robert W. Goodlatte of Virginia, would not allow it to reach the House floor.
“With a new Judiciary Committee chairman, Jerrold Nadler, D-N.Y., chances that the bill will finally become law this year are much brighter,” Ms. Amundson and Kitty Block, the chief executive of the Humane Society, said in a statement last week. (Mr. Nadler is among the 283 co-sponsors of the previous version of the House bill.)
The legislation has been endorsed by the National Sheriffs’ Association and the Fraternal Order of Police.B:
今期正版通天报白小姐【沐】【沧】【冷】【冷】【的】【看】【着】【皇】【甫】【政】【被】【人】【扣】【住】，【慢】【慢】【的】【走】【过】【来】，【每】【一】【步】【都】【像】【是】【踏】【在】【他】【的】【心】【口】【之】【上】，【一】【步】【又】【一】【步】，【踩】【碎】【他】【得】【心】【脏】。 “【你】【以】【为】，【你】【那】【所】【谓】【的】【计】【划】【能】【成】【功】。”【沐】【沧】【轻】【声】【说】【道】。 【他】【们】，【打】【过】【很】【多】【无】【把】【握】【的】【仗】，【却】【从】【来】【没】【有】【打】【过】【这】【么】【有】【把】【握】【的】【仗】。【皇】【甫】【政】【在】【首】【都】【星】【上】【的】【布】【局】【他】【们】【可】【能】【还】【没】【有】【那】【么】【的】【清】【楚】，【但】【是】【他】【想】【对】【沐】【岚】
【不】【过】，【这】【种】【岗】【位】，【基】【本】【上】【都】【是】【有】【复】【试】【的】，【很】【少】【很】【少】【的】【情】【况】【下】【是】【一】【次】【面】【试】【就】【过】【得】。 【除】【了】【安】【筱】【晓】【这】【种】【特】【殊】【情】【况】，【连】【面】【试】【都】【没】【有】，【直】【接】【就】【上】【位】【了】，【这】【样】【的】【特】【殊】【情】【况】，【在】【这】【里】，【是】【不】【会】【存】【在】【的】【了】。 【是】【不】【可】【能】【发】【生】【的】【了】。 【只】【有】【一】【次】，【仅】【有】【一】【次】。 【不】【会】【有】【第】【二】【次】【了】。 “【没】【关】【系】，【让】【她】【们】【等】【呗】。”【颜】【逸】【表】【示】【还】【是】【不】
“【小】【楚】【总】，【你】【要】【不】【要】【重】【新】【找】***【谈】【一】【下】？”【林】【岩】【试】【探】【性】【的】【问】【道】，【他】【想】boss【都】【已】【经】【知】【道】【了】【自】【己】【做】【错】【了】，【想】【来】【为】【了】【自】【己】【的】【病】【情】【应】【该】【会】【找】***【道】【个】【歉】【什】【么】【的】【吧】？ 【楚】【郁】【闻】【言】，【沉】【默】【了】，【没】【有】【说】【话】—— 【要】【他】【去】【道】【歉】？ 【这】【脸】【皮】【啊】【真】【是】【被】【自】【己】【扯】【到】【了】【地】【上】【狠】【狠】【地】【摩】【擦】【啊】！ 【自】【己】【当】【初】【那】【么】【信】【誓】【旦】【旦】【的】【跟】【别】【人】【说】【白】
【许】【东】【昂】【拿】【枪】【牵】【制】【着】【阿】【雅】，【燕】【仕】【民】【则】【带】【着】【燕】【洛】【顺】【着】【洞】【口】【垂】【下】【来】【的】【绳】【子】【往】【上】【爬】，【爬】【到】【了】【先】【前】【关】【押】【那】【些】【村】【民】【的】【地】【方】。 【阿】【雅】【目】【光】【幽】【深】【的】【看】【着】【他】【们】【离】【去】，【没】【人】【能】【猜】【透】【她】【此】【刻】【心】【里】【在】【想】【些】【什】【么】，【许】【东】【昂】【满】【脸】【愤】【怒】【的】【用】【枪】【对】【着】【阿】【雅】【的】【脑】【门】，【仿】【佛】【她】【只】【要】【再】【动】【一】【下】，【他】【就】【会】【毫】【不】【犹】【豫】【的】【拿】【枪】【崩】【了】【她】。 【在】【燕】【洛】【和】【燕】【仕】【民】【爬】【上】【去】【后】，【燕】
【天】【还】【蒙】【蒙】【亮】，【游】【年】【和】【时】【漾】【早】【早】【收】【拾】【好】【自】【己】，【开】【着】SUV【把】【自】【家】【父】【母】【们】【接】【去】【之】【前】【预】【订】【的】【拍】【婚】【纱】【照】【的】【地】【点】。 “【你】【们】【拍】【婚】【纱】，【要】【我】【们】【去】【干】【嘛】？”【华】【素】【馨】【打】【着】【呵】【欠】，【靠】【在】【自】【家】【老】【公】【的】【肩】【膀】【上】，【睡】【眼】【惺】【忪】。 【时】【京】【墨】【调】【整】【了】【一】【下】【肩】【膀】，【让】【华】【女】【士】【能】【在】【自】【己】【肩】【膀】【上】【靠】【的】【更】【舒】【服】【点】，【接】【话】【道】：“【你】【们】【难】【道】【不】【知】【道】【我】【们】【四】【个】【昨】【天】【都】【睡】